Psoriasis is a chronic condition that causes new skin cells to be produced faster than the older cells can work through their life cycle. While no one knows what triggers this response, many believe that it involves a malfunction within the immune system that causes T cells to target healthy skin cells.
Certain factors increase your risk of psoriasis. The most common include:
Dr. Gastellum performs a physical examination and reviews your medical history to determine whether or not you have psoriasis. She can also gain additional information from a skin biopsy.
An autoimmune disorder is any health condition in which the body's immune system attacks healthy tissues. The malfunction occurs within the T cells triggering them to target specific cells as invaders or intruders, even though they are healthy.
With psoriasis, the T cells attack healthy skin cells and attempt to break them down and remove them from the body. In response, the body begins to create new skins cells at a much faster rate. As the new cells are produced, a form of plaque is created that causes the affected area to look thicker than normal and covered in white or silvery scales.
Topical corticosteroids are often prescribed to control the itching and the inflammation associated with psoriasis. Using a light moisturizer and exposing your skin to the sun for short periods each day provide it with the hydration and nutrients it needs to remain healthy and vibrant.
One of the best ways to remedy psoriasis is to prevent it from flaring in the first place. If you know what your triggers are, avoid them. If you smoke, stop. Avoid consuming alcohol or foods that contain additives and preservatives.
Making positive lifestyle changes like eating a healthy diet with an abundance of Omega three fatty acids. Supplements are also available that provide nutritional support to the skin without further disrupting the immune system.